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January Literary Birthdays


KAREL CAPEK
January 9, 1890 - December 25, 1938

Karel Capek was one of the most influential Czech writers of the 20th century. He introduced and made popular the frequently used international word robot, which first appeared in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) in 1921. Karel named his brother Josef Capek as the true inventor of the word robot.

Some of his works:
The Absolute at Large
Apocryphal Tales
Krakatit
R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots)
Tales from Two Pockets
Talks With T.G. Masaryk
Three Novels: Hordubal, Meteor, An Ordinary Lifes
Toward the Radical Center
War With the Newts


Search for his books


Other Literary Birthdays

English novelist and Ivory-Merchant film muse E.M. Forster (1879)
NYC-born recluse J.D. Salinger (1919)
Russian-born scientist and sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov (1920)
Roman author, essayist, and poet Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 B.C.)
South African fantasy writer J.R.R. Tolkien (1892)
Italian novelist and critic Umberto Eco (1932)
Lebanese mystic poet Khalil Gibran (1883)
English writer and interpreter of Zen Buddhism Alan Watts (1915)
NYC novelist E.L. Doctorow (1931)
English physicist and author Stephen Hawking (1942)
Czech novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and essayist Karel Capek (1890)
French writer Simone de Beauvoir (1908)
South African writer Alan Paton (1903)
San Francisco writer and socialist Jack London (1876)
Japanese novelist (born Kyoto) Haruki Murakami (1949)
Chicago-born novelist John dos Passos (1896)
Japanese novelist Yukio Mishima (1925)
NYC author and film director Susan Sontag (1933)
Russian playwright and short-story writer Anton Chekhov (1860)
English writer Julian Barnes (1946)
English essayist, philosopher, historian, and statesman Sir Francis Bacon (1561)
NYC-born novelist Edith Wharton (1862)
Scottish's national poet Robert Burns (1759)
English novelist and poet W Somerset Maugham (1874)
English modernist novelist and Bloomsbury member Virginia Woolf (1882)
English novelist David Lodge (1935)
Russian playwright Anton Chekhov (1860)
French writer and 1915 Nobel winner Romain Rolland (1866)
Washington-born Beat poet and novelist Richard Brautigan (1935)
New Jersey-born novelist Norman Mailer (1923)
Japanese novelist and 1994 Nobelist Oe Kenzaburo (1935)